Advanced

Eddie Koiki Mabo (second from left) campaigned in the Australian courts to achieve legal recognition of Indigenous land rights in Australia
In 1982, Mabo and four other Torres Strait Islander people began a legal battle to establish recognition of their traditional ownership of land on Mer Island in northern Queensland, Australia. The landmark case was won in 1992.
Jim McEwan, Courtesy of Yarra Bank Films/National Museum of Australia

Temple of Horus at Edfu, Egypt

ARTICLES
Ancient Egypt
Battle of Kadesh
Rosetta Stone
Hieroglyphics
Pyramids

RESEARCH GUIDE
Ancient Egypt

HISTORICAL MAPS
Ancient Egypt: Three periods
Battle of Kadesh
Pyramids of Giza

TABLES
Important dates in ancient Egypt's history

TIMELINES
History of Ancient Egypt
Advances in Archaeology

SPECIAL REPORTS
Medical Tales from the Crypt

QUESTIONS
1. Why did the ancient Greek historian Herodotus call Egypt "the gift of the Nile"?
2. What were some achievements of the ancient Egyptians?
3. Why did the ancient Egyptians make mummies?
4. What was the Amarna Revolution?
5. Why did the Egyptians build pyramids?
6. What discovery led to the deciphering of the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics in modern times?
7. When did ancient Egypt reach the height of its power?
8. What did the ancient Egyptians call their country? Why?
9. From where does our knowledge of ancient Egypt come?
10. What was the chief industry in ancient Egypt?

The Aztec believed the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacán in Mexico, shown looming over three smaller pyramids in this photograph, was built by a long lost race of giants. Teotihuacán served as an important religious center in the Aztec empire.
© Shutterstock

Forbidden City at night
The Forbidden City is a historic walled area of Beijing, China. In addition to residences where emperors of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1912) dynasties once lived, the area has dozens of courtyards, palaces, temples, and gardens. Today, the Forbidden City's buildings are preserved as the Palace Museum.
© Thinkstock

Solid waste, such as the garbage dumped near a city sewer,shown here,is probably the most visible kind of environmental pollution.
© Shutterstock

PICTURES
Air pollution
Ocean pollution
Water pollution
How water pollution occurs
Pollution from solid waste

VIDEOS
How polluted are the oceans?
Why are so many rivers polluted?
Paper recycling
Aluminium recycling

WORKSHEETS
Environmental Pollution

QUESTIONS
1. How can consumers encourage manufacturers to produce less-polluting products?
2. What causes most air pollution?
3. What natural processes cleanse water systems?
4. How does the desire for convenience contribute to environmental pollution?
5. What are some ways governments work to control pollution?
6. Why is solid waste difficult to eliminate?
7. How does population growth contribute to environmental pollution?
8. How does population growth contribute to environmental pollution?
9. What are the hazards and benefits of ozone in the atmosphere?
10. How can businesses help reduce pollution?

Mao Zedong led the long struggle that made China a Communist nation in 1949.

The Ottoman Empire under Sultan Suleyman I dominated much of Europe and North Africa. Suleyman led Muslim armies as far west as the walls of Vienna, shown here, in 1529.
Gouache manuscript painting (1588); Giraudon/Art Resource

The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of rebellions that swept away Russia's monarchy and laid the foundation for the Communist Soviet Union. This painting shows revolutionary leader V. I. Lenin, who would rule Russia as a dictator until his death, addressing government officials.
© Thinkstock

In this 1965 photograph, helicopters fire into the trees to provide cover for advancing South Vietnamese troops during an attack on a Viet Cong encampment.
AP Photo

Battle of the Somme, 1916
British troops go "over the top" during the Battle of the Somme in northern France. The battle took place during the summer and autumn of 1916. It was one of the longest and bloodiest campaigns of World War I (1914-1918).
© Paul Popper, Popperfoto/Getty Images

This photograph shows German troops attacking from a trench early in World War II (1939-1945). Germany started the war in Europe by launching an attack on Poland in September 1939. World War II killed more people, destroyed more property, and disrupted more lives than any other war in history.
AP Photo

The Holocaust was the systematic murder of Jews and others by the Nazis during World War II (1939-1945). This photograph shows dazed and starving prisoners at the Nazi concentration camp at Ebensee, Austria, in May 1945.
NARA

Hitting the beach on D-Day
Hitting the beach, Allied infantrymen swarmed ashore along the Normandy coast of northern France on D-Day--June 6, 1944. It was the largest seaborne invasion in history. Hitler had boasted that German defenses along the coast could resist any attack. But he was wrong.
U.S. Coast Guard

PICTURES
Hitting the beaches on D-Day

VIDEOS
Invasion of France
How was D-Day conceived?
Why was D-Day so important?
What would have happened if D-Day had failed?

BACK IN TIME
Article written during the year in which the events took place and reflects the style and thinking of that time.
World War II (1944)